Assessing the impact of hydrodynamic loads on shoulder joint injuries in swimming
Closing Date: Monday 13 February 2017
Increasing activity and fitness levels across the general population is key to combatting the challenges associated with obesity and an ageing population. Swimming is considered to be beneficial as it offers a non weight-bearing, full-body form of cardiovascular exercise. These benefits might be offset, however, by an increased risk of shoulder injury, a common occurrence within the sport.
This project aims to investigate the mechanisms of shoulder injury through understanding how the hydrodynamic forces acting on a swimmer’s arm are supported by the musculoskeletal structure.
This project is fundamentally interdisciplinary requiring in-depth analysis of both complex fluid dynamics, biomechanics and intricate musculoskeletal systems within the body. The mechanisms of shoulder injury can be investigated through the use of a musculoskeletal model to simulate muscle response and joint loadings in different conditions. However this approach requires accurate stroke kinematics and hydrodynamic forces both of which are extremely challenging to measure in aquatic sports such as swimming.
The study will involve acquiring detailed kinematics of the swimming stroke and the use of advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics to simulate the pressure distribution over the arm. Different optical techniques will be utilised to assess the soft tissue deformations caused by fluid loading and muscle contraction during various tasks. Ultimately this information will be used to predict internal forces in the upper limb during swimming and elucidate on possible mechanisms of shoulder injury.
We are looking for applicants with a strong background in engineering, mathematics or physics, with an interest in sports and biomechanics. A fully funded 3 year studentship is available for UK/EU students, with the stipend at the standard RCUK rate (currently £14500 tax free).
Due to the interdisciplinary nature of this project supervision will be split between the Faculties of Engineering and the Environment and Health Sciences. This project is also supported by both British Swimming and the English Institute of Sport providing a wealth of expertise, support and access to world class biomechanists and coaches. This research will build on the previous experience and success of Southampton’s Performance Sport Engineering Lab and their support of British swimming in both the London and Rio Olympic games.
If you wish to discuss any details of the project informally, please contact Joseph Banks, Fluid Structure Interaction research group, Email: J.Banks@soton.ac.uk, Tel: +44 (0) 2380 59 6625.
Project Reference: CMEES-FSI-134
Read the advert and apply online here
Effect of low calories diet on the musculoskeletal health in UM-HET3 mice
Doctoral Academy & University Prize Scholarships
Project Details: Age-delaying interventions are currently tested on animal models such as UM-HET3 mice. Among them, calorie restriction (CR) was found to increase the life-spam in mice models and has the potential of delay age-related pathologies. However, the effect of CR on the musculoskeletal health is still debated and becomes fundamental when studying its effect on musculoskeletal pathologies such as osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP).
The hypothesis of this study is that CR improves musculoskeletal health in old UM-HEY3 mice. In this project the student will characterise the properties of the knee joints and o whole tibiae of UM-HET3 mice in order to study the effect of CR on the properties of cartilage and bone and its relationship with gender and age. Tissues from female and male mice at three different ages (8, 12 and 22 months) have been already collected by our collaborators and will be analysed in Sheffield. The student will be taught how to perform state of the art assessments of OA and OP by combining micro-computed tomography (microCT) imaging, image processing and computational modelling. MicroCT allows us to acquire 3-dimensional high-resolution images of the whole bone and joint and to analyse in details their morphological and densitometric properties. Furthermore, microCT-based finite element (FE) models developed in Dall’Ara’s group are engineering methods that can provide a non-invasive assessment of bone mechanical properties from the acquired images. The assessment of degree of OA, bone morphometric parameters, distribution of bone mineral density within the tibia and bone strength will be provide a unique database for the characterisation of the effect of CR on bone and cartilage.
Candidates must have a first or upper second class honors degree or significant research experience. Strong imaging and/or computational background is required; experience with microCT image processing will be advantageous.
The Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry & Health Doctoral Academy Scholarships cover Home/EU fee and RCUK rate stipend for three years. Overseas students may apply but will need to fund the difference between the Home and Overseas fee from another source.
How to apply
Please apply through our online postgraduate application system including the Scholarship Application section where you need to tick the ‘University Scholarships’ box. The form will ask you to summarise your research proposal in less than 800 words. If you are unsure about what to put in this section, please contact your prospective supervisor. Please name your supervisor and select their department Oncology and Metabolism through the online form.
Deadline: 5pm 1st February 2017
Supervisors: Dr Enrico Dall’Ara, Department of Oncology and Metabolism and INSIGNEO institute for in silico medicine and Dr Ilaria Bellantuono, Department of Oncology and Metabolism.
Interested candidates should in the first instance contact Dr Dall’Ara email@example.com
Doctoral student in Biomedical Engineering
Lund University, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Biomedical Engineering
Lund University was founded in 1666 and is regularly ranked as one of the world’s top 100 higher education institutions. The University has 41 000 students and 7 500 staff based in Lund, Helsingborg and Malmö. We are united in our efforts to understand, explain and improve our world and the human condition.
LTH forms the Faculty of Engineering at Lund University, with approximately 9 000 students. The research carried out at LTH is of a high international standard and we are continuously developing our teaching methods and adapting our courses to current needs.
Can neutron scattering elucidate mechanisms behind bone damage?
Bone, with an inorganic strong and stiff mineral (hydroxyapatie) and a more flexible organic matrix (collagen type I), is a hierarchical tissue with unique material properties. During aging, many conditions occur which are treated with metal implants. E.g. joint replacements has generally evolved to be a success. However, patients still experience implant loosening due to insufficient bone in-growth, or local bone damage and failure close to the implant. Thus, improved bone ingrowth onto metal implants is still needed.
Without doubt, X-ray based imaging modalities are state-of-the-art for investigating bone both in daily clinical practice and in high end research. However, when metal implants are involved, the high density contrast between metal and bone often results in significant artifacts in the close proximity of the implant, i.e. in the most important region for evaluation bone-implant in-growth. Moreover, we have shown that bone fragility may be highly linked to changes in the collagen matrix, something that is not well captured with X-rays. The absorption profile of neutrons is however very different. Neutrons are more strongly attenuated by hydrogen and organic material than e.g. metals, but their potential in bone research has not yet been explored.
The objectives are to understand bone damage and fracture mechanisms on various hierarchical levels and with focus on bone ingrowth on implants, the goal of this project is to explore the potential of neutron tomographic imaging and small angle scattering in studies of bone.
The project includes designing and carry out experiments at large scale facilities, followed by data analysis. The imaging part involves using Digital Image Correlation to follow the deformation of the tissue during loading, and to link the different length scales of the tissue to each other. The project will develops the use of neutron based methods on bone. As such it will open up the field of neutrons to a large potential user group interested in musculoskeletal and medical materials.
SwedNESS: The project is a part of SweNESS, the newly initiated national graduate school for Neutron research. Please see link for more information http://swedness.se/
The main duties of doctoral students are to devote themselves to their research studies which includes participating in research projects and third cycle courses. The work duties can also include teaching and other departmental duties (no more than 20%).
Detailed description of the work duties, such as:
- The research involves both experimental design and testing, tomographic and scattering imaging and analysis of data, including the use of digital image correlation.
- The doctoral student is expected to assist in supervision of MSc degree projects
- The project is a collaboration with Solid mechanics and Physical Chemistry at LU, and the doctoral student is expected to actively manage this collaboration.
- The doctoral student is expected to take part in the activities arranged by SweNESS graduate school.
A person meets the general admission requirements for third-cycle courses and study programmes if he or she:
- has been awarded a second-cycle qualification, or
- has satisfied the requirements for courses comprising at least 240 credits of which at least 60 credits
were awarded in the second cycle, or
- has acquired substantially equivalent knowledge in some other way in Sweden or abroad.
- A person meets the specific admission requirements for third cycle studies in Biomedical Engineeringif he or she has at least 45 second-cycle credits of relevance to the subject.
- Very good oral and written proficiency in English.
- The candidate should have a background in (bio)engineering/ physics/chemistry or imaging.
- Experience with Neutron or Synchrotron based data collection or analysis is considered important
- Experience with tomographic imaging or small angle scattering is considered important.
- Experience with full-field strain measurement techniques is considered positive.
Selection for third-cycle studies is based on the student’s potential to profit from such studies. The assessment of potential is made primarily on the basis of academic results from the first and second cycle. Special attention is paid to the following:
- Knowledge and skills relevant to the thesis project and the subject of study.
- An assessment of ability to work independently and to formulate and tackle research problems.
- Written and oral communication skills.
- Other experience relevant to the third-cycle studies, e.g. professional experience. Other assessment criteria:
- The candidate should be able to independently drive his/her own research project, as well as writing scientific publications.
- The candidate should be able to supervise younger researchers.
- Experience with multidisciplinary projects is important.
- International experience is considered positive.
Consideration will also be given to good collaborative skills, drive and independence, and how the applicant, through his or her experience and skills, is deemed to have the abilities necessary for successfully completing the third cycle programme.
Only those admitted to third cycle studies may be appointed to a doctoral studentship. Third cycle studies at LTH consist of full-time studies for 4 years. A doctoral studentship is a fixed-term employment of a maximum of 5 years (including 20% departmental duties). Doctoral studentships are regulated in the Higher Education Ordinance (1998:80).
Instructions on how to apply
Applications shall be written in English and include a cover letter stating the reasons why you are interested in the position and in what way the research project corresponds to your interests and educational background. The application must also contain a CV, degree certificate or equivalent, and other documents you wish to be considered (grade transcripts, contact information for your references, letters of recommendation, etc.).
Lund University welcomes applicants with diverse backgrounds and experiences. We regard gender equality and diversity as a strength and an asset.
Type of employment Temporary position longer than 6 months
First day of employment As per argreement. Initially 1 year and thereafter extended
Salary Monthly salary
Number of positions 1
Working hours 100 %
County Skåne län
Reference number PA2016/4605
Contact Hanna Isaksson +46462221749 Johan Nilsson +46462227532
Last application date 2017-01-31
Link to ad http://lu.mynetworkglobal.com/what:job/jobID:127473/
Type of employment: PhD student, 4 years (2-4 positions, fully funded)
Host institution: University of Eastern Finland and/or University of Oulu
Funding: Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics doctoral program, funded partly by the European Union and Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions and partly by the University.
Any eligible candidates (please see call for the doctoral program, http://www.uef.fi/en/web/biomep) are encouraged to contact Drs. Korhonen or Saarakkala below, with CV, for more information (before submitting an application).
Ultimate goal of the project
Investigate adaptation of knee joint tissues (articular cartilage, subchondral bone, menisci, ligaments) to abnormal loading and during the progression of osteoarthritis, develop and validate models of bone and cartilage adaptation to loading, and apply models in patient-specific knee joint geometries for the evaluation of the progression of osteoarthritis and for the investigation of the effects of treatments and operations.
Mechanical properties and structure of subchondral bone, cartilage, menisci and ligaments are determined and implemented in the biomechanical model of the knee joint. The model is validated against extensive experimental data, e.g. motion analysis and clinical imaging. The model with algorithms for cartilage and bone adaptation to loading will be validated against experimental data of the altered cartilage and bone properties and/or osteoarthritis grade (in vitro, in situ, humans in vivo). The effect of different tissue injuries (e.g ligament rupture, bone microcracks), treatments and operations (e.g. weight loss, ACL reconstruction) on osteoarthritis progression will be evaluated in animal models and patients.
PhD student position #1, experimental (University of Eastern Finland and/or University of Oulu)
Conduct in vitro and/or in vivo experiments to follow up the progression of post-traumatic and spontaneous osteoarthritis. Determine time- and loading force-dependent mechanical properties and structure/composition of articular cartilage, bone, ligaments and menisci from normal (healthy) knees and osteoarthritic knees using mechanical testing, microscopy, spectroscopy and biochemical analysis. One of the aims is to investigate osteoarthritic changes at the cartilage-bone interface, including microcracks in calcified cartilage and subchondral bone. Mechanical data of soft tissues is analyzed using fibril reinforced poroviscoelastic modeling and structure-function relationships are determined. For in vivo studies, clinical imaging and motion analysis data of patients is collected and analyzed. This data is later used for model validation and input.
PhD student position #2, computational (University of Eastern Finland)
Evaluate the importance of realistic bone and soft tissue properties in the models of knee joints on cartilage and chondrocyte responses. Combine musculoskeletal and finite element models, and develop and validate computational models of the knee joint with adaptive properties of articular cartilage and bone. Predict the effect of abnormal loading, as well as cartilage lesions and bone microcracks, on altered cartilage and bone properties during the progression of osteoarthritis. Aforementioned experimental data (in vitro experiments, animal models, patients) is used for model validation.
We are looking for highly motivated candidates with the background in one or several of the following or related disciplines; biomedical engineering, biomechanics, medical physics, mechanical engineering, or related field. For the PhD student position #2, good modeling skills and experience in the use of Abaqus or FEBio and user materials are advantages. All studies will be conducted in close collaboration with the groups’ post-doc fellows and other collaborators. Therefore, good collaborative attitude is needed in both positions.
Specific requirements by the European Union (http://www.uef.fi/en/web/biomep/eligibility-requirements)
The successful candidates should be eligible to be admitted to the doctoral program and has the following qualifications:
MSc degree (or close to graduating) in biomedical engineering, medical physics, mechanical engineering, or other relevant field. Less than 4 years of research experience, as measured from the date of the MSc degree.
The mobility rule of the EU funded doctoral program require that a PhD student cannot have resided for more than 12 months over the past 3 years in the country where he/she applies to.
The research projects include both national and international collaboration and mobility with several internationally recognized research groups in their own field.
Professor Rami Korhonen (firstname.lastname@example.org, http://luotain.uef.fi/?n=group&g=rami_korhonen).
Associate Professor Simo Saarakkala (email@example.com, http://www.mipt-oulu.fi/simo_saarakkala)
15 PhD candidate positions in Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics – Marie Skłodowska-Curie – COFUND: Kuopio Finland (coordination), Lund SE, Chieti-Pescara IT, Zaragoza ES, Oulu FI, Helsinki FI, Tampere FI, Turku FI
Applications are invited for 15 PhD candidate positions under EU Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie COFUND Action – BioMEP doctoral programme – which offers unique inter/multidisciplinary research and training opportunities for young scientists in Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics across Europe.
This doctoral programme brings together complementary expertise of 8 leading European research groups in the field of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics and major private industrial companies and university hospitals. BioMEP aims to fulfill the demand for highly-qualified biomedical engineers and medical physicists addressing the needs of the academic, healthcare and industry sector, and thus to fully prepare them to meet the increasing demands of the European labor market. Together with the University of Eastern Finland (Finland), the following universities are participating in the project: Lund University (Sweden), University of Oulu (Finland), Aalto University (Finland), Tampere University of Technology (Finland), University of Turku (Finland), Gabriele d’Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara (Italy) and Zaragoza University (Spain).
The BioMEP training and research activities are characterized by a multidisciplinary approach and allow candidates to submit proposals under the following five focus research areas:
o Musculoskeletal biomechanics
o Molecular, cell and tissue engineering
o Multimodal neuroimaging
o Biomedical devices and diagnostics
Successful candidates are appointed on a full-time basis for a total of 4 years while working towards a PhD in biomedical engineering and/or medical physics. All successful candidates will be offered a local employment contract, compatible with national and regional legislation and will include competitive salary to cover living plus mobility costs and social and healthcare benefits (according to each host university salary system).
Successful PhD candidates will have:
• access to a well-developed research infrastructure and international networks including academic-industry links to major health technology companies and hospitals;
• the opportunity to define and follow a Personal Career Development Plan and
• to access a variety of training activities and workshops in the field of biomedical engineering and medical physics;
• the opportunity for research visits within the BioMEP’s partners (up to three months);
• the opportunity to participate in joint research and be enrolled in dual or joint degrees;
Eligibility criteria, application and selection process:
We search for highly motivated candidates to work in an inspiring multidisciplinary field that combines engineering, medicine, biology and physics. We also strongly encourage applications from female candidates. The candidates should have a strong background in biomedical/biomechanical engineering, medical physics, biophysics or related educational field.
Candidates will be required to meet Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher eligibility criteria:
• at the time of recruitment, applicants may not have resided or carried out their main activity (work, studies, etc) in the country of the host institution for more than 12 months in the 3 year period immediately prior to their recruitment under the project. Compulsory national service and/or short stays such as holidays are not taken into account.
• Applicants should be in the first 4 years of their research careers and not yet have been awarded a doctorate. This 4 year period is measured from the date of obtaining the degree which would formally entitle to embark on a doctorate.
How to apply:
Application shall be prepared jointly by the candidate and the prospective supervisor from one of the host institutions and should contain the following appendices saved as a pdf in the following order:
1. Application form, including two references;
2. Motivation letter (max. 1 page);
3. A detailed Curriculum Vitae http://europass.cedefop.europa.eu/documents/curriculum-vitae;
4. Research proposal (max. 2 pages), including a section on research environment, ethical issues + supervision agreement;
5. Certified (translated) copy of Master’s (or higher) degree certificate and certified (translated) transcript of records of Master’s (or higher) degree studies;
Complete applications will be evaluated by an independent Advisory board based on three selection criteria. Applicants should therefore be outstanding in all three selection criteria: the
excellence of the applicant (academic excellence, previous mobility), quality of the research environment and the scientific quality of the research proposal. Based on the evaluation scores, the candidates will be ranked in a priority list and top candidates will then be invited for a Skype interview. Attention will be paid to the ability of candidates to present their research project, their motivation, communication skills and English fluency. All candidates will be advised of the outcome of the selection process after the selection.
The starting date for the PhD candidate is flexible. It is expected that the PhD candidates will start at their earliest convenience, within 3 months of formal acceptance. The exact starting date for each doctoral candidate will be negotiated on individual basis between the candidate and the host institution.
|Important dates Launch of the call for applications||03/10/2016|
|Deadline for the submissions||30/11/2016|
|Results of the evaluation||31/12/2016|
|Expected interview dates||01/2017|
|Expected start date||06/2017-09/2017|
More information on the application and evaluation procedure for the BioMEP doctoral positions is available on the BioMEP homepage: http://www.uef.fi/web/biomep/how-to-apply
The deadline for sending the application is November 30, 2016, at 16:00 CET.
For further information on the research and supervision, please contact the supervisors listed under the research areas: http://www.uef.fi/web/biomep/research-areas1
For further information on the application procedure, please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
We are looking for two PhD students to Biomechanics at Lund University that would like to apply to the new graduate school for Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, funded partly by the European Union and Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions.
The main topics of the projects are briefly described below. Any eligible candidates (please see call for the graduate school) are encouraged to contact Dr Isaksson below, with a brief CV and potential recommendations, for more information.
Hanna Isaksson, Ph.D. email@example.com
PhD student 1: Computational modelling and image processing of bone strength and hip fracture risk assessment
Osteoporosis is defined as low bone mass, and results in a markedly increased risk of skeletal fractures. Development of new drugs to reduce bone loss or increase bone mass is promising. However, it requires that the individuals at risk can be accurately identified. Current osteoporosis diagnostics is largely based on measurements of bone mineral density (BMD), using 2D image obtained with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Novel methods that account for all characteristics of the bone and their influence on the bone’s resistance to fracture are needed.
The overall objectives are to integrate functional imaging of bone (clinical imaging together with mechanical modelling of bone strength) to improve prediction of fracture risk. This will be accomplished by combining DXA images with a pre-developed shape model, and finite element analysis (FEA).
First, clinical images with different resolution and level of details (ranging from DXA to high resolution cone beam CT) will be used to develop computational models using FEA. It will allow determination of the required features (e.g. anisotropy, cortical thickness, etc) to for accurate prediction of bone strength. Validation will be achieved by comparison with existing experimental mechanical testing data. Secondly, the findings will be implemented in a statistical shape and appearance model to determine if the modelling can lead to a more accurate prediction of fracture risk.
The project includes primarily numerical studies, but also involves some experimental work. It is a collaborative project with a 3 months secondment period at University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
PhD student 2: Computational modelling of Achilles tendon biomechanics and mechanobiology
Tendons connect muscles to bones and enable energy-efficient locomotion. The Achilles tendon is the largest and the most commonly injured tendon in the human body. Ruptures often occur during recreational sport activities, but can also be a result of ageing. Mechanical loading is a prerequisite for tendon healing. Controversial and often unsuccessful treatments of tendon
ruptures could be improved by elucidating how loading affects the biomechanics of intact tendons and the mechanobiological aspects of tendon healing.
The aim is to investigate how mechanical loading influences homeostatic and healing tendon function, structure and composition. The project includes refining and further validating an existing constitutive model for intact rat Achilles tendons. This will be conducted based on newly collected experimental data and focus on the fibre recruitment process and damage mechanisms in tendons. Next in the order is to develop and validate an adaptive mechanoregulatory model for tendon repair. The development of a computational mechanobiological scheme to predict the influence of mechanical loading on tendon tissue regeneration will be key to the project, in order to help elucidate the mechanobiological mechanisms at play.
The project involves primarily numerical studies and is a collaborative project with a 3 month secondment period at University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
Requirements for both PhD students
The successful candidates should be eligible to be admitted to the graduate school and also has the following:
– MSc degree (or close to graduating) in biomedical engineering, medical physics, mechanical engineering, or other relevant field.
– The mobility rules of the EU funded graduate school require that a PhD student cannot have resided for more than 12 months over the past 3 years in the country which he/she applies to.
– Knowledge and experience in biomechanics, finite element analysis, matlab and image processing.
– Documented ability to express yourselves in English in speech and writing, to work independently, and to work effectively in a multidisciplinary team, e.g. during the M.Sc. thesis.
Hanna Isaksson, Ph.D. Associate professor Department of Biomedical Engineering Lund University Box 118, 221 00 Lund, Sweden Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://bme.lth.se/staff/isaksson-hanna Web: http://bme.lth.se/research-pages/biomechanics/biomechanics/
Within BIOINTERFACE – a newly created doctoral training program at TU Wien, Austria – ten PhD positions are available . BIOINTERFACE is a highly interdisciplinary doctoral training porogram, which aims at exploring the interface between inorganic and bio-organic systems towards applications in bio- nanotechnology. Short descriptions of the ten PhD projects are available at the BIOINTERFACE webpage under the following link:
What we offer:
Ten three- year Ph D positions, starting between October 1 st 2016 and March 31 st 2017 , in the fields of chemical synthesis, experimental (bio-)physics/engineering as well as biomechanics, and theory/simulation. The positions are equivalent to a part-time university assistant (25 hours) position (minimum salary is EUR 1.685,30- pre-tax, 14x per year). The salary can be raised according to previous experience in the field. BIOINTERFACE provides highly interdisciplinary research projects and a cutting- edge training program including monthly seminars, lab rotation, retreats, a stay abroad, and – if applicable – industrial cooperation.
A Diploma/Masters/Magister university degree in chemistry, ( bio-)physics, civil engineering, mathematics, biology, electrical engineering, process engineering, biomedical engineering, materials science, mechanical engineering, or a related discipline is a prerequisite for becoming a BIOINTERFACE PhD student. Additional knowledge related to the specific projects is desirable.
How to apply:
Applications should be submitted in German or English language via email to: email@example.com. Please send a single pdf-file, named “givenname_surname.pdf” The deadline for application is: September 30 2016 .
Applications must include:
- curriculum vitae including a list of publications, conference contributions, and other scientific activities (if applicable)
- transcripts of records of the Bachelor- and Master-studies
- title and a short summary of the diploma/master thesis
- two letters of reference, of which one from MSc thesis advisor
- cover-letter including the specification of two preferred PhD projects (please indicate 1st and 2nd choice from the list of projects at http://biointerface.tuwien.ac.at/doctoral-training-program/phd- projects/) and a motivation for your choice.
For informal questions please contact:
Gerhard Kahl, Institute for Theoretical Physics (firstname.lastname@example.org), Gerhard Schütz, Institute of Applied Physics (email@example.com), or
Miriam M. Unterlass, Institute of Materials Chemistry (firstname.lastname@example.org).
TU Wien is an equal opportunity employer aiming to increase the proportion of women within scientific and artistic staff and thus strongly encourages qualified women to apply. Female applicants will be considered preferentially, if their abilities, aptitude and professional performance are equal with those of male applicants. Persons with disabilities are especially encouraged to apply.