Description: The Institute of Lightweight Design and Structural Biomechanics of TU Wien invites applications for the permanent position of a Senior Scientist in the research group for Biomechanics. One of the main tasks of this post will be acting as a laboratory manager for the Interfacultary Laboratory for Micro- and Nanomechanics of Biological and Biomimetical Materials (www.mmlab.tuwien.ac.at).
Qualifications: We are looking for a scientist with a completed Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, Material Science, Biomedical Engineering or Physics who has
- experience in atomic force microscopy – imaging and mechanical modes (micro- and nanoindentation, tensile tests) as well as data analysis and interpretation of indentation and other mechanical tests,
- experience in imaging methods such as light microscopy (polarization and fluorescence microscopy, second harmonic generation) and micro computed tomography,
- experience in teaching Tissue Biomechanics in theory (nonlinear continuum mechanics) and application (experimental biomechanics),
- additional knowledge in the fields of biomechanics, bone and mechanical testing.
- Further requested skills: English as native language or proof of at least level B2, CEFR
Further information: For informal discussions please contact Professor Philipp Thurner, firstname.lastname@example.org
How to apply: please send applications to email@example.com no later than February 8th 2017
by Bert van Rietbergen
Steve Cowin passed away October 19 last year. Several generations of ESB members have been raised with his pioneering theories of bone adaptation and bone structure-properties relationships, and it feels like a great loss his contribution to this field now is closed. Rather than writing a full obituary, which can be found elsewhere (http://www.cism.it/about/newsletters/), I wanted to focus this writing on why he was so important for many of the ESB members, and for me in particular.
The ESB is inviting proposals for the organization of its annual congress in July 2020. If you are interested in hosting and organizing ESB2020, please read the ESB 2020 Bid rules for details.
Bids should be sent to prof. Harry van Lenthe (firstname.lastname@example.org), Chair of the Meetings Committee. He can also be contacted for further information.
The deadline for submitting your bid for ESB2020 is 31st March 2017.
Assessing the impact of hydrodynamic loads on shoulder joint injuries in swimming
Closing Date: Monday 13 February 2017
Increasing activity and fitness levels across the general population is key to combatting the challenges associated with obesity and an ageing population. Swimming is considered to be beneficial as it offers a non weight-bearing, full-body form of cardiovascular exercise. These benefits might be offset, however, by an increased risk of shoulder injury, a common occurrence within the sport.
This project aims to investigate the mechanisms of shoulder injury through understanding how the hydrodynamic forces acting on a swimmer’s arm are supported by the musculoskeletal structure.
This project is fundamentally interdisciplinary requiring in-depth analysis of both complex fluid dynamics, biomechanics and intricate musculoskeletal systems within the body. The mechanisms of shoulder injury can be investigated through the use of a musculoskeletal model to simulate muscle response and joint loadings in different conditions. However this approach requires accurate stroke kinematics and hydrodynamic forces both of which are extremely challenging to measure in aquatic sports such as swimming.
The study will involve acquiring detailed kinematics of the swimming stroke and the use of advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics to simulate the pressure distribution over the arm. Different optical techniques will be utilised to assess the soft tissue deformations caused by fluid loading and muscle contraction during various tasks. Ultimately this information will be used to predict internal forces in the upper limb during swimming and elucidate on possible mechanisms of shoulder injury.
We are looking for applicants with a strong background in engineering, mathematics or physics, with an interest in sports and biomechanics. A fully funded 3 year studentship is available for UK/EU students, with the stipend at the standard RCUK rate (currently £14500 tax free).
Due to the interdisciplinary nature of this project supervision will be split between the Faculties of Engineering and the Environment and Health Sciences. This project is also supported by both British Swimming and the English Institute of Sport providing a wealth of expertise, support and access to world class biomechanists and coaches. This research will build on the previous experience and success of Southampton’s Performance Sport Engineering Lab and their support of British swimming in both the London and Rio Olympic games.
If you wish to discuss any details of the project informally, please contact Joseph Banks, Fluid Structure Interaction research group, Email: J.Banks@soton.ac.uk, Tel: +44 (0) 2380 59 6625.
Project Reference: CMEES-FSI-134
Read the advert and apply online here
Effect of low calories diet on the musculoskeletal health in UM-HET3 mice
Doctoral Academy & University Prize Scholarships
Project Details: Age-delaying interventions are currently tested on animal models such as UM-HET3 mice. Among them, calorie restriction (CR) was found to increase the life-spam in mice models and has the potential of delay age-related pathologies. However, the effect of CR on the musculoskeletal health is still debated and becomes fundamental when studying its effect on musculoskeletal pathologies such as osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP).
The hypothesis of this study is that CR improves musculoskeletal health in old UM-HEY3 mice. In this project the student will characterise the properties of the knee joints and o whole tibiae of UM-HET3 mice in order to study the effect of CR on the properties of cartilage and bone and its relationship with gender and age. Tissues from female and male mice at three different ages (8, 12 and 22 months) have been already collected by our collaborators and will be analysed in Sheffield. The student will be taught how to perform state of the art assessments of OA and OP by combining micro-computed tomography (microCT) imaging, image processing and computational modelling. MicroCT allows us to acquire 3-dimensional high-resolution images of the whole bone and joint and to analyse in details their morphological and densitometric properties. Furthermore, microCT-based finite element (FE) models developed in Dall’Ara’s group are engineering methods that can provide a non-invasive assessment of bone mechanical properties from the acquired images. The assessment of degree of OA, bone morphometric parameters, distribution of bone mineral density within the tibia and bone strength will be provide a unique database for the characterisation of the effect of CR on bone and cartilage.
Candidates must have a first or upper second class honors degree or significant research experience. Strong imaging and/or computational background is required; experience with microCT image processing will be advantageous.
The Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry & Health Doctoral Academy Scholarships cover Home/EU fee and RCUK rate stipend for three years. Overseas students may apply but will need to fund the difference between the Home and Overseas fee from another source.
How to apply
Please apply through our online postgraduate application system including the Scholarship Application section where you need to tick the ‘University Scholarships’ box. The form will ask you to summarise your research proposal in less than 800 words. If you are unsure about what to put in this section, please contact your prospective supervisor. Please name your supervisor and select their department Oncology and Metabolism through the online form.
Deadline: 5pm 1st February 2017
Supervisors: Dr Enrico Dall’Ara, Department of Oncology and Metabolism and INSIGNEO institute for in silico medicine and Dr Ilaria Bellantuono, Department of Oncology and Metabolism.
Interested candidates should in the first instance contact Dr Dall’Ara email@example.com
Doctoral student in Biomedical Engineering
Lund University, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Biomedical Engineering
Lund University was founded in 1666 and is regularly ranked as one of the world’s top 100 higher education institutions. The University has 41 000 students and 7 500 staff based in Lund, Helsingborg and Malmö. We are united in our efforts to understand, explain and improve our world and the human condition.
LTH forms the Faculty of Engineering at Lund University, with approximately 9 000 students. The research carried out at LTH is of a high international standard and we are continuously developing our teaching methods and adapting our courses to current needs.
Can neutron scattering elucidate mechanisms behind bone damage?
Bone, with an inorganic strong and stiff mineral (hydroxyapatie) and a more flexible organic matrix (collagen type I), is a hierarchical tissue with unique material properties. During aging, many conditions occur which are treated with metal implants. E.g. joint replacements has generally evolved to be a success. However, patients still experience implant loosening due to insufficient bone in-growth, or local bone damage and failure close to the implant. Thus, improved bone ingrowth onto metal implants is still needed.
Without doubt, X-ray based imaging modalities are state-of-the-art for investigating bone both in daily clinical practice and in high end research. However, when metal implants are involved, the high density contrast between metal and bone often results in significant artifacts in the close proximity of the implant, i.e. in the most important region for evaluation bone-implant in-growth. Moreover, we have shown that bone fragility may be highly linked to changes in the collagen matrix, something that is not well captured with X-rays. The absorption profile of neutrons is however very different. Neutrons are more strongly attenuated by hydrogen and organic material than e.g. metals, but their potential in bone research has not yet been explored.
The objectives are to understand bone damage and fracture mechanisms on various hierarchical levels and with focus on bone ingrowth on implants, the goal of this project is to explore the potential of neutron tomographic imaging and small angle scattering in studies of bone.
The project includes designing and carry out experiments at large scale facilities, followed by data analysis. The imaging part involves using Digital Image Correlation to follow the deformation of the tissue during loading, and to link the different length scales of the tissue to each other. The project will develops the use of neutron based methods on bone. As such it will open up the field of neutrons to a large potential user group interested in musculoskeletal and medical materials.
SwedNESS: The project is a part of SweNESS, the newly initiated national graduate school for Neutron research. Please see link for more information http://swedness.se/
The main duties of doctoral students are to devote themselves to their research studies which includes participating in research projects and third cycle courses. The work duties can also include teaching and other departmental duties (no more than 20%).
Detailed description of the work duties, such as:
- The research involves both experimental design and testing, tomographic and scattering imaging and analysis of data, including the use of digital image correlation.
- The doctoral student is expected to assist in supervision of MSc degree projects
- The project is a collaboration with Solid mechanics and Physical Chemistry at LU, and the doctoral student is expected to actively manage this collaboration.
- The doctoral student is expected to take part in the activities arranged by SweNESS graduate school.
A person meets the general admission requirements for third-cycle courses and study programmes if he or she:
- has been awarded a second-cycle qualification, or
- has satisfied the requirements for courses comprising at least 240 credits of which at least 60 credits
were awarded in the second cycle, or
- has acquired substantially equivalent knowledge in some other way in Sweden or abroad.
- A person meets the specific admission requirements for third cycle studies in Biomedical Engineeringif he or she has at least 45 second-cycle credits of relevance to the subject.
- Very good oral and written proficiency in English.
- The candidate should have a background in (bio)engineering/ physics/chemistry or imaging.
- Experience with Neutron or Synchrotron based data collection or analysis is considered important
- Experience with tomographic imaging or small angle scattering is considered important.
- Experience with full-field strain measurement techniques is considered positive.
Selection for third-cycle studies is based on the student’s potential to profit from such studies. The assessment of potential is made primarily on the basis of academic results from the first and second cycle. Special attention is paid to the following:
- Knowledge and skills relevant to the thesis project and the subject of study.
- An assessment of ability to work independently and to formulate and tackle research problems.
- Written and oral communication skills.
- Other experience relevant to the third-cycle studies, e.g. professional experience. Other assessment criteria:
- The candidate should be able to independently drive his/her own research project, as well as writing scientific publications.
- The candidate should be able to supervise younger researchers.
- Experience with multidisciplinary projects is important.
- International experience is considered positive.
Consideration will also be given to good collaborative skills, drive and independence, and how the applicant, through his or her experience and skills, is deemed to have the abilities necessary for successfully completing the third cycle programme.
Only those admitted to third cycle studies may be appointed to a doctoral studentship. Third cycle studies at LTH consist of full-time studies for 4 years. A doctoral studentship is a fixed-term employment of a maximum of 5 years (including 20% departmental duties). Doctoral studentships are regulated in the Higher Education Ordinance (1998:80).
Instructions on how to apply
Applications shall be written in English and include a cover letter stating the reasons why you are interested in the position and in what way the research project corresponds to your interests and educational background. The application must also contain a CV, degree certificate or equivalent, and other documents you wish to be considered (grade transcripts, contact information for your references, letters of recommendation, etc.).
Lund University welcomes applicants with diverse backgrounds and experiences. We regard gender equality and diversity as a strength and an asset.
Type of employment Temporary position longer than 6 months
First day of employment As per argreement. Initially 1 year and thereafter extended
Salary Monthly salary
Number of positions 1
Working hours 100 %
County Skåne län
Reference number PA2016/4605
Contact Hanna Isaksson +46462221749 Johan Nilsson +46462227532
Last application date 2017-01-31
Link to ad http://lu.mynetworkglobal.com/what:job/jobID:127473/
Assistant Professor / Associate Professor / Professor of Biomedical Engineering
Please register in our online recruitment system before applying for any vacancies. That way, you can update and save your details, and also receive emails to let you know about new vacancies (based on your search criteria).
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- Closing date
- GBP31076 –Negotiable (Grade 7)
- Full Time
About our team
The School of Engineering and Physical Sciences has an international research reputation and close connections to the professional and industrial world of science, engineering and technology. Our research ranges from fundamental chemical, physical and biological sciences through to engineering, with applications in biology, medicine, energy, photonics, chemical and biochemical processes, and manufacturing amongst others, all of which are supported by strong external funding. We have around 120 full-time academic staff driving this research activity, based in 5 research institutes: Institute of Mechanical, Process & Energy Engineering; Institute of Chemical Sciences; Institute of Photonics & Quantum Sciences; Institute of Sensors, Signals & Systems; and the Institute of Biological Chemistry, BioPhysics & BioEngineering. Together with the University of Edinburgh we represent the “most powerful” General Engineering unit in the UK, as measured by the recent REF.
In addition we deliver teaching across 5 first degree programmes: Chemistry; Physics; Electrical, Electronic & Computer Engineering; Chemical Engineering; and Mechanical Engineering. Heriot-Watt is in the UK’s Top 20 and second in Scotland in the 2016 Guardian League Tables with five subjects in the top 5 and ten subjects in the top twenty. We pride ourselves on the student experience we offer and were ranked UK University of the Year for Student Experience 2012/13 in the Sunday Times University Guide, as well as Scottish University of the Year 2012/13 and 2011/2012. In the 2014 National Student Survey, Heriot-Watt University was ranked 1st in the UK for Chemical Engineering (for the fifth year running) and Electrical Engineering, receiving 100% student satisfaction rating. The following of our subjects ranked in the top ten within the UK: Chemical Engineering; Chemistry; Electrical Engineering; and Mechanical Engineering.
Building on the outstanding REF2014 results in Engineering and unsurpassed NSS outcomes in our engineering disciplines, Heriot-Watt University is looking to grow and complement its existing research capacity within its Institute of Mechanical, Process and Energy Engineering (IMPEE). We are now looking to recruit our future academic leaders across a range of our portfolio; this post relates to Biomedical Engineering.
The Institute of Mechanical, Process & Energy Engineering (IMPEE) is a dynamic, multidisciplinary research Institute focused on promoting excellence across our four main research themes: Energy Harvesting and Conversion; Biomedical Engineering; Computational and Digital Engineering; and Multiphase Flow. The mission of this vibrant Institute with around 30 academic staff is to foster research excellence across its main research themes. Much of our work involves strong industrial links across a range of sectors and, through our expertise, skills and experience we work together with industry to identify new areas of interest. The REF2014 results for Heriot-Watt University were truly excellent. Relevant to this post is our joint submission with University of Edinburgh in General Engineering that ranks first in the UK for research power and we are seeking individuals who can make a complementary contribution to one of our themes and who have the potential to grow into a position of research leadership.
The Biomedical Engineering theme focuses on highly interdisciplinary and cutting-edge research at the interface between mechanical engineering, material science and bioengineering. We bring together our expertise in micromechanics, tissue engineering, laser tissue interaction, novel optical fibres, computational mechanics, micro/nano manufacturing, thermo-fluid mechanics, and digital design and manufacture to address the challenges in biomedical engineering including cancer diagnostics and therapy, minimally invasive procedures, tissue mechanics, patient-specific modelling, tissue engineering and characterisation. Applications are welcome from individuals whose core disciplines are in the areas of mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, electrical engineering or are in other relevant engineering domains or applied sciences and can complement our existing strengths
Key duties and responsibilities
Education, Qualifications and Experience
- Minimum qualification: Doctorate
Candidates will be expected to have a strong track record of research in one or more of the following areas:
- microfabrication or testing with relevance to biological systems;
- biological process engineering, including process control using mechanical, electrochemical or biochemical sensors and actuators;
- design/fabrication of hybrid biological/physical structures and devices.
The successful candidate will have some experience in making grant applications (commensurate with level of appointment), authoring high-quality publications and forming a research team. We also need individuals who can make a positive contribution in innovative teaching in our core areas or mechanical engineering and chemical engineering.
How to apply
Applications for this vacancy should be made online through the Heriot-Watt University iRecruit system.
Applications can be submitted up to midnight (UK time) on 11th December
When applying for this role please include in the cv your publications list, teaching experience, grants obtained and contact details for at least two referees.
Informal enquiries regarding this position can be directed to Prof. Bob Reuben R.Reuben@hw.ac.uk
Appointments will be made according to experience, bands are; Professor from 57,674, Associate Professor 48,327 – 55,998 Assistant Professor 39,324 – 46,924.
Consideration will be given to applications on a part-time and/or job-share basis.
Use our total rewards calculator to see the value of benefits provided by Heriot-Watt University.
Type of employment: PhD student, 4 years (2-4 positions, fully funded)
Host institution: University of Eastern Finland and/or University of Oulu
Funding: Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics doctoral program, funded partly by the European Union and Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions and partly by the University.
Any eligible candidates (please see call for the doctoral program, http://www.uef.fi/en/web/biomep) are encouraged to contact Drs. Korhonen or Saarakkala below, with CV, for more information (before submitting an application).
Ultimate goal of the project
Investigate adaptation of knee joint tissues (articular cartilage, subchondral bone, menisci, ligaments) to abnormal loading and during the progression of osteoarthritis, develop and validate models of bone and cartilage adaptation to loading, and apply models in patient-specific knee joint geometries for the evaluation of the progression of osteoarthritis and for the investigation of the effects of treatments and operations.
Mechanical properties and structure of subchondral bone, cartilage, menisci and ligaments are determined and implemented in the biomechanical model of the knee joint. The model is validated against extensive experimental data, e.g. motion analysis and clinical imaging. The model with algorithms for cartilage and bone adaptation to loading will be validated against experimental data of the altered cartilage and bone properties and/or osteoarthritis grade (in vitro, in situ, humans in vivo). The effect of different tissue injuries (e.g ligament rupture, bone microcracks), treatments and operations (e.g. weight loss, ACL reconstruction) on osteoarthritis progression will be evaluated in animal models and patients.
PhD student position #1, experimental (University of Eastern Finland and/or University of Oulu)
Conduct in vitro and/or in vivo experiments to follow up the progression of post-traumatic and spontaneous osteoarthritis. Determine time- and loading force-dependent mechanical properties and structure/composition of articular cartilage, bone, ligaments and menisci from normal (healthy) knees and osteoarthritic knees using mechanical testing, microscopy, spectroscopy and biochemical analysis. One of the aims is to investigate osteoarthritic changes at the cartilage-bone interface, including microcracks in calcified cartilage and subchondral bone. Mechanical data of soft tissues is analyzed using fibril reinforced poroviscoelastic modeling and structure-function relationships are determined. For in vivo studies, clinical imaging and motion analysis data of patients is collected and analyzed. This data is later used for model validation and input.
PhD student position #2, computational (University of Eastern Finland)
Evaluate the importance of realistic bone and soft tissue properties in the models of knee joints on cartilage and chondrocyte responses. Combine musculoskeletal and finite element models, and develop and validate computational models of the knee joint with adaptive properties of articular cartilage and bone. Predict the effect of abnormal loading, as well as cartilage lesions and bone microcracks, on altered cartilage and bone properties during the progression of osteoarthritis. Aforementioned experimental data (in vitro experiments, animal models, patients) is used for model validation.
We are looking for highly motivated candidates with the background in one or several of the following or related disciplines; biomedical engineering, biomechanics, medical physics, mechanical engineering, or related field. For the PhD student position #2, good modeling skills and experience in the use of Abaqus or FEBio and user materials are advantages. All studies will be conducted in close collaboration with the groups’ post-doc fellows and other collaborators. Therefore, good collaborative attitude is needed in both positions.
Specific requirements by the European Union (http://www.uef.fi/en/web/biomep/eligibility-requirements)
The successful candidates should be eligible to be admitted to the doctoral program and has the following qualifications:
MSc degree (or close to graduating) in biomedical engineering, medical physics, mechanical engineering, or other relevant field. Less than 4 years of research experience, as measured from the date of the MSc degree.
The mobility rule of the EU funded doctoral program require that a PhD student cannot have resided for more than 12 months over the past 3 years in the country where he/she applies to.
The research projects include both national and international collaboration and mobility with several internationally recognized research groups in their own field.
Professor Rami Korhonen (firstname.lastname@example.org, http://luotain.uef.fi/?n=group&g=rami_korhonen).
Associate Professor Simo Saarakkala (email@example.com, http://www.mipt-oulu.fi/simo_saarakkala)